What is the orange zone
If we quickly sum up our last two lessons, we can think of the yellow zone as the accelerator that tells us to act, and the red zone as the brake that tells us to shut down.
The orange zone is what happens when both of these survival responses are turned on at the same time. Our nervous system gets stuck between the two zones — it’s like we have one foot on the accelerator, and one foot on the brake. This is our “freeze” response, where our body feels mobilised to act and yet at the same time we are unable to move.
Why it does this
I like to use the example of a terrified rabbit, who is frozen in place the moment it sees a nearby predator. This is a really useful response that the nervous system came up with for when we need to stay motionless but still alert. It allows the rabbit to avoid attracting the attention of the predator, while still being ready to run or fight if it needs to. But as humans in the modern age, sometimes we can go into this response at times when it isn’t really necessary.
In its more mild form, this can look like what some people call “functional freeze”. Here we can have signs and symptoms from both the yellow zone and the red zone - we can feel a sense of stuckness and immobility, while at the same time we also feel a sense of urgency to do more. This can keep us in an extended state of stress, where we want to act on our impulses or goals yet at the same time we procrastinate and feel unable to take a step forward.
In its more extreme form, a freeze response can look like panic.
Panic attacks occur when the nervous system becomes triggered into an extreme danger response. A part of the brain known as the “amygdala”, which is in charge of activating our fight/flight response, goes into overdrive and our body becomes flooded with adrenaline, which can make our heart beat faster and our breathing become more shallow or hard to do. At the same time, our freeze response shuts down our ability to act, and so we can feel paralysed or helpless.
This experience can feel really intense and overwhelming, and it often comes on really suddenly and seemingly “out of the blue”, even when there’s no apparent danger in sight.
Signs of a panic attack
What it might feel like in the body:
Heart palpitations/pounding heart
Hearing sounds muffled
Tingling/numbness in hands/arms/feet
Feeling like you’re having a heart attack/stroke
Feeling like you’re going to faint/like you’re falling
Feeling as if you’re dying
Feeling like everything is a dream/isn’t real
Feeling detached from yourself
Fear of losing control/going crazy
A sense of impending doom
Losing your sense of time/feeling like this will never end
“Do I call for help?!” thoughts
They will pass
It's important to know that even though it might feel really scary, panic attacks are not life-threatening, and they will pass. Once the body metabolises the adrenaline, which might take 5-10 minutes, your body will return to a more normal and manageable state.
Another thing to keep in mind is that often what makes panic attacks worse is a fear of the body sensations that often go along with it. This is so understandable considering how uncomfortable and intense they can be, especially if you don't know what's causing them.
Being aware of the signs and signals of the orange zone, and remembering that they are just physiological responses in the body that will pass, is extremely helpful when learning to cope with panic and freeze.
This lesson talked about what the orange zone is, why it occurs in the body, and what it might feel like for you.
For more information, strategies, and exercises that can help you cope if you find yourself having a panic attack, check out the orange zone section of the 'Cope' course.